surgery is the type surgery performed by Oral Surgeons to correct skeletal
mismatches. The word orthognathic is derived from "ortho"
meaning correct or straight and "gnathos"
meaning jaw. These situations involve a situation where one of the jaws
is not intended to replace orthodontics for straightening the teeth when
the relatinship ot the jaws is within the normal range, but cannot change
the relationship of the jaw.
too far forward or
too far back in relation
to the rest of the skull.
is usually done in conjunction with orthodontics to provide the best possible
Situations that lend
themselves to Orthognathia are:
is a situation when the back teeth meet but the front teeth do not touch.
This space causes difficulty in biting with the front teeth
is a situation where the lower jaw is too large and grows too far forward.
Surgery can be used to slide the lower jaw back.
is a situation where there is a "severe" overbite. These situations are
managed with surgery and orthodontics together.
Maxiallary Excess also known as the gummy
smile. In this case the upper jaw has grown too far down. Surgery can move
the jaw upward to create a much nicer looking smile.
If you believe you
have any of these situations discuss them with your dentist who will refer
to specialists qualified to carry out these procedures.